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Want to understand 5G technology in depth? Then you're in the right place.
Here we’ll discuss everything about 5G Technology:
5G technology is advanced. 5G is the 5th generation telecom network. This new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks started hitting the market in 2018 and expanding globally. The 5G network is designed to connect everyone and everything virtually, including objects, devices, and machines.
Beyond speed improvement, 5G technology is meant to deliver ultra-low latency, more reliability, increased availability, massive network capacity, and a monumental 5G IoT (Internet of Things) ecosystem to the users to have an enhanced user experience.
Higher performance and improved efficiency are meant to empower new user experiences and connect new industries. The fifth generation of wireless technology will help redefine the network and build a bridge to the future.
5G is notably faster than 4G. The fifth generation of wireless technology speed tops out at 20 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) peak data rates and 100+ Megabits-per-second (Mbps) average data rates. It has more capacity compared to 4G. 5G is specifically designed to support a 100x increase in traffic capacity and network efficiency.
The fifth generation of wireless network offers an extremely low latency rate, the delay between the sending and receiving information. When on the one hand, 4G offers 200 milliseconds, 5G renders 1 millisecond (1/1000 of a second) on the other hand.
Low latency will significantly impact industries that require or make heavy use of network connectivity in tight control loops. Factory automation will improve tremendously with low latency technology. Besides, gadgets, appliances, and components that use sensors and network connections in live human communications, control systems, augmented and virtual reality, and others will also be impacted profoundly. Everything from gaming to real-time applications that control things like drones and other robots through a network connection is expected to change!
5G Use Cases
Use cases associated with low latency include:
1. Augmented Industrial IoT
Manufacturers are already using sizable IoT sensors to monitor performance and optimize both production and logistics. Increased wireless flexibility and lower latency will allow them to streamline their infrastructure, build interconnected and semi-automated smart factories, and have increased visibility throughout their supply chains.
2. Real-Time Data for Better Decisions
The fifth-generation wireless network can provide reliable data in real-time that can help organizations make better decisions. A 5G network can quickly gather and process data from multiple sources; thus, people can see and address potential issues as and when they're happening rather than determining later what went wrong.
3. Self-Driving Vehicles
The fifth-generation wireless network is especially effective at transmitting data between moving objects, making it essential to the success of autonomous vehicle networks. 5G network will be used to deliver huge amounts of information between vehicles. Besides, it will help to scale up the other connectivity needs like remote diagnostics, operating system updates, in-car payments, predictive maintenance, and fleet management.
4. Improved Healthcare Networks
The increased capacity of the fifth-generation network would be especially beneficial to hospitals. It will allow hospitals to expand the use and flexibility of connected IoT devices without compromising performance. Apart from this, 5G can be used to make telemedicine services faster and more reliable, mainly to extend those services in rural areas and other remote locations. Also, it will deliver high-quality video streaming during patient-physician interactions.
5. Smart City Applications
Almost all the countries are planning to develop smart cities to let people have enhanced experiences and improved safety. Because smart IoT sensors can transmit data quickly over 5G networks, it will help alert city officials of ongoing problems, notify commuters of traffic conditions, or even open parking spaces.
Besides these, 5G will be used in Remote surgical operations or tele surgeries, Immersive Virtual Reality Gaming, Simultaneous translation, etc.
Now, it's time to see what makes 5G so different from 4G.
Here we go…..
4G or fourth generation is a mobile phone network technology. Like its predecessor, 3G, it is used to download data and access the internet, but it's a lot faster than 3G.
5G: 5G is the fifth generation of wireless network technology. 5G is a breakthrough! It is built on what we call millimeter waves, a section of very high-frequency spectrum upwards of 20 GHz up to 96 GHz.
Here are the differences between 4G and 5G:
In the recent parliamentary panel, headed by Lok Sabha MP Shashi Tharoor, it was stated that the launch of 5G technology would be delayed. As per the panel report, the government of India expects 5G services to roll out by early 2022 after another spectrum auction that is planned to be held after six months. The services are expected to come from mobile network providers like Reliance Jio and Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL). Apart from this, Cavil Wireless is also assembling a 5G test network.
The best thing is that the 5G network will not require a separate SIM. According to the latest reports, the transition to 5G will be different from earlier cellular generation shifts. According to Qualcomm, "5G wireless technology is meant to deliver higher multi-Gbps peak data speeds, ultra-low latency, more reliability, massive network capacity, increased availability, and a more uniform user experience to more users."
According to a report published by Viavi Solutions, the California-based network testing company, 5G was partly available in 378 cities in a total of 34 countries. The report highlighted that the EMEA region (Europe, the Middle East, and Africa) tops the list with 168 cities with 5G networks. In contrast, Asia ranked second in the list with 156 cities, while the Americas is in the third position with 53 cities. The 5G rollouts list includes both mobile and fixed wireless networks.
While countries like Canada, Hong Kong, and Thailand are soon to launch their 5G network. There are several other countries to develop or adopt the 5G network in the future. In Puerto Rico, wireless network provider Claro began testing 5G in 2019. The first 4.5G site in Honduras came in mid-2020 as the first phase of the deal with Ericsson.
Also, Ericsson has partnered with Entel, the largest telecommunications company in Chile, in order to deliver a 5G wireless service that is expected to arrive in the country at the latest in 2021. In addition, Argentina's Movistar and Ericsson tested 5G systems in 2017 that are likely to roll out to customers in 2021.
Brazil and Colombia are also on the verge of their rollout. Brazil's Vivo network became available in eight cities in July 2020, while the Claro network launched in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo in the same month. Telefónica Telecom, Colombia's largest telecommunications company ran trials throughout 2020, with the plan to launch early in 2021.
The leading communication service provider on the island of Aruba, SETAR has partnered with Nokia in order to deliver full 5G coverage on the island by 2022.
NTT DOCOMO, Japan's largest wireless carrier, has been experimenting with 5G since 2010. Before officially launching 5G to consumers on March 25, 2020, the company launched pre-commercial 5G services in September 2019.
In early 2020, Samsung partnered with Russia's largest mobile operator, Mobile TeleSystems (MTS), to open a private 5G network. 5G networks are estimated to cover over 80% of the Russian population by 2025.
Many other countries are planning to launch their 5G networks in 2021 or early 2022.
Hope this post helps you have a fair understanding of 5G Technology and everything else that relates to it!!